"Spoof SSDP replies to phish for credentials and NetNTLM challenge/response. Creates a fake UPNP device, tricking users into visiting a malicious phishing page. Also detects and exploits XXE 0-day vulnerabilities in XML parsers for UPNP-enabled apps."

    So what is SSDP?  "The Simple Service Discovery Protocol is a network protocol based on the Internet protocol suite for advertisement and discovery of network services and presence information."

    And if that's unclear to you, it will all make sense in a moment when you see what appears in the Network view. 


    I'm presenting at BSides College Station next month and in my talk, I'm using PowerShell as a method for enumerating the environment while living off the land.  Also in my talk, I give an example of a PowerShell reverse shell in plain form and the same reverse shell in an obfuscated form.  I don't reference it directly but the tool I use to obfuscate the shell is Invoke-Obfuscation created by Daniel Bohannon.  In advance of the talk, I want to do a little write-up on this tool in case I get asked about it -- I can then point them to here...


    According to the description:  "A PowerShell based utility for the creation of malicious Office macro documents. To be used for pentesting or educational purposes only."

    If you've used the Unicorn tool, this is not too dissimilar but instead of providing you with the PowerShell and it being somewhat specific to Metasploit, this allows you to generate Macro payloads and it can directly insert them into Excel for you.  In addition, if you use Invoke-Obfuscation, you can also obfuscate the payloads in a variety of different formats. 


    Consider the following -- you have a mysql database and you want to periodically backup the database to the file system.  You setup a cronjob and you have a script that performs the following task:

    mysqldump --user root --password=Secretp4ssw0rd testing > testing.sql

    Simple, right?

    Obviously, there's probably more to it -- we backup a /var/www/html directory and we probably backup that DB to a location.  And maybe we even tar.gz it up to make a neat little package.  The point though is that we've now placed the password in memory.


    I think you need to use your imagination with this tool but it could be quite handy for that right spot. I think the author's description does a fine job of explaining what this tool can do: "What this tool does is taking a file (any type of file), encrypt it, and embed it into an HTML file as resource, along with an automatic download routine simulating a user clicking on the embedded resource."Let's dig into the tool and then I'll add some additional thoughts:


    The description states:  "Five86-2 is another purposely built vulnerable lab with the intent of gaining experience in the world of penetration testing."

    This is a friggin' puzzle box.  Fun, but definitely a puzzle box.  I enjoyed it thoroughly because I learned a new trick.  More on that later.

    First, we kick off with Nmap:


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